Elizabeth I – Primary Sources

| August 27, 2010

While there are some excellent biographies and books out there on Elizabeth I, her reign and Elizabethan times, there’s nothing quite like going back to the primary sources. Secondary sources obviously have their use, particularly when they are written by historians and authors who have made good use of primary sources and have based their […]

St Bartholomew’s Day Massacre

| August 24, 2010

On this day in history, the 24th August 1572, an estimated 3,000 French Protestants (Huguenots) were massacred in Paris and a further estimated 7,000 in the provinces. According to tradition, Catherine de’ Medici persuaded her son, King Charles IX of France, to order the assassination of key Huguenot leaders who had gathered in Paris for […]

The Battle of Bosworth 1485

| August 22, 2010

Today is the 525th anniversary of the Battle of Bosworth, the battle which saw the death of King Richard III, the crowning of Elizabeth I’s grandfather, Henry VII, and the birth of the Tudor dynasty. To commemorate this historical battle I have written a 3 part series of articles on the events leading up to […]

The Execution of John Dudley, 1st Duke of Northumberland and Earl of Warwick

| August 22, 2010

On this day in history, the 22nd August 1553, John Dudley, 1st Duke of Northumberland and Earl of Warwick, was executed after being found guilty of treason for his part in the plot which had seen Edward VI appoint Lady Jane Grey as his heir and deny his half sister Mary’s right to the succession. […]

Spanish Armada 9 – God Blew and They Were Scattered

| August 20, 2010

On this day in history, the 20th August 1588, a thanksgiving service was held at St Paul’s in London to give thanks to God for England’s victory over the Spaniards. The Spanish Armada had been defeated, obliterated in fact, yet the English fleet was left intact and only around 100 English men were lost in […]

Mary Queen of Scots Lands in Scotland

| August 19, 2010

On this day in history, at six o’clock on the morning of Tuesday 19th August 1561, Mary Queen of Scots landed at Leith harbour, in Scotland, the country of her birth. The reason for her return to her homeland was the death of her husband, Francis II King of France. He died in December 1560 […]

Painting the Armada Exhibition

| August 16, 2010

Visitors to London this summer will be able to visit a wonderful exhibition of six huge paintings of the Spanish Armada. The paintings are on display in the Royal Gallery at the Palace of Westminster (the Houses of Parliament) and the exhibition is open until the Autumn, when the paintings will be hung in the […]

The Spanish Armada 8 – Elizabeth’s Tilbury Speech

| August 9, 2010

On the 9th August 1588 (old calendar) Elizabeth I appeared before her troops gathered at Tilbury. In her article “The Myth of Elizabeth at Tilbury”, Susan Frye, writes that there are no reliable eye-witness accounts regarding Elizabeth I’s appearance on that day, but that tradition places the Queen in armour, giving a rousing speech – […]

The Spanish Armada 7 – Elizabeth I Visits Tilbury

| August 8, 2010

Even though the remaining ships of the Spanish Armada were homeward bound, England was still expecting to be threatened by the troops of the Duke of Parma who could come across the English Channel as soon as the wind was favourable. On the 8th August 1588, Elizabeth I decided to accept the Earl of Leicester’s […]

William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley

| August 5, 2010

I meant to write this article to coincide with the anniversary of William Cecil’s death, the 4th August 1598, so I’m sorry this is a day late. I think the best way to commemorate someone’s death is to celebrate their life and what a life William Cecil had! He really was an incredible man and […]